The oil, extracted without any type of processing, had been used in many parts of the world, for medicinal purposes, for the construction of roads and paths and/or it was also used in shipbuilding, resulting in an excellent sealant and insulator, especially in boats. with a wooden hull already in ancient times.
The distillation process to obtain gasoline did not appear until 1857, the year in which it was discovered through the fractional distillation of petroleum, although the first distillation of petroleum is attributed to a Persian Arab alchemist named Al-Razi in the 9th century.
This process is the result of the need to take advantage of waste from the oil industry to obtain more profitability from it.
Back in 1859, the first oil well was drilled and a year later, in 1860, N. August Etienne Lenoir invented the first gas internal combustion engine, which Nicolaus Otto, taking as a reference, created the first four-stroke gasoline engine in history. in 1885 K. Benz would use this engine in his automobiles.
Gasoline is a fossil fuel composed of hydrocarbons and has a density of 680 g/L, a single liter of gasoline provides an energy of 35 megajoules and its ability to detonate is called by the number of octane, gasoline is often subjected to chemical processes consisting of the addition of other substances to increase the number of octane.
A gasoline with higher octane will be easier to detonate and will provide more power.